Dakar(Senegal), Beaches and history

Dakar is the capital and largest city of Senegal, located on the westernmost point of Africa. Known for its vibrant culture, beautiful beaches, and rich history, Dakar is a popular destination for tourists from all over the world. In this article, we’ll explore the history of Dakar, how to get there, the top sights to see, and the delicious cuisine that you can enjoy while visiting this incredible city.


Dakar has a long and fascinating history that dates back to pre-colonial times. The area was originally inhabited by the Wolof people, who were known for their agricultural and fishing skills. In the 15th century, Portuguese explorers arrived in the area, followed by the French, who established a trading post in the 17th century.

In the 19th century, Dakar became an important center of the slave trade, with thousands of slaves passing through the city on their way to the Americas. After the abolition of slavery, Dakar became a center of French colonial power, and it was later chosen as the capital of independent Senegal in 1960.

In the decades since independence, Dakar has grown and developed, becoming a center of trade, culture, and politics in West Africa. Today, the city is a vibrant and cosmopolitan destination, known for its rich history and diverse culture.

How to Get There

Dakar is easily accessible by air, with the Blaise Diagne International Airport serving as the main gateway to the city. The airport is located about 50 kilometers east of Dakar, and there are several transportation options available, including taxis, buses, and rental cars.

Visitors can also reach Dakar by boat, with several ferry services operating between Dakar and other ports in West Africa, including Banjul in The Gambia and Ziguinchor in Senegal.


Dakar is a city full of incredible sights and attractions, from historic landmarks to vibrant markets to beautiful beaches. Here are just a few of the top sights to see while visiting Dakar:

Gorée Island: Located just off the coast of Dakar, Gorée Island is a UNESCO World Heritage Site that was once a center of the transatlantic slave trade. Visitors can explore the island’s museums and historic landmarks, including the House of Slaves and the Fort d’Estrées.

African Renaissance Monument: This towering statue, located on a hill overlooking the city, is one of the largest in Africa, standing at 52 meters tall. The monument celebrates Africa’s history, culture, and future, and visitors can climb to the top for stunning views of the city.

Dakar Grand Mosque: This beautiful mosque, located in the Medina neighborhood, is one of the largest and most important in West Africa. Visitors can admire the mosque’s intricate architecture and learn about its history and significance.

Sandaga Market: This bustling market in the heart of Dakar is a hub of activity, with vendors selling everything from fresh produce to textiles to handicrafts. Visitors can immerse themselves in the sights, sounds, and smells of the market and pick up some unique souvenirs to take home.


Dakar is also known for its delicious cuisine, which combines traditional Senegalese flavors with international influences. Here are a few of the must-try dishes and drinks:

Thieboudienne: This national dish of Senegal is a hearty stew made with fish, vegetables, and rice, seasoned with a blend of herbs and spices.

Yassa: This dish is made with chicken or fish marinated in a tangy sauce made with lemon juice, onions, and mustard, and served with rice or couscous.

Bissap: This refreshing drink is made with hibiscus flowers, sugar, and water, and it is a popular beverage in Senegal and throughout West Africa.

Dibi: This grilled meat dish is a favorite street food in Dakar, featuring marinated lamb or beef served with onions and mustard sauce.

Gingembre: This ginger juice is a popular drink in Senegal, made with fresh ginger, lime juice, and sugar, and served over ice.


Dakar is a city full of history, culture, and delicious cuisine. From exploring historic landmarks to immersing yourself in the vibrant markets to savoring traditional Senegalese dishes, there is something for everyone in this bustling city. Whether you’re strolling along the beaches, admiring the city’s stunning architecture, or sipping on a glass of bissap, Dakar is a destination that is sure to captivate your senses and leave you with unforgettable memories.

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